The Order of the Eastern Star is a Masonic organization which allows women to participate in some Masonic-related activities. Women are specifically forbidden to join regular Masonic Lodge. There are about half a million members of the Order throughout the world.
The logo for the General Grand Chapter includes an inverted pentagram. The five points of the pentagram represent the five Biblical heroines Adah, Ruth, Esther, Martha, and Electa.
The book and pillar in the center of the star represent the Masonic Lodge’s “volume of sacred law” which is placed in the east. The five implements typically pictured represent the five biblical women and their respective representation of Masonic virtues:
The sword and veil represent Adah, and the virtue of “obedience to duty”
A sheaf of barley represents Ruth, whose virtue is adherence to religious principles.
The crown and scepter represents Esther, who embodies the virtue of loyalty.
The broken column represents Martha, and the virtue of “endurance in trial.”
The “golden cup” represents Electa, and the virtue “endurance of persecution.”